In the 1980s, there was a resurgence of party politics and competitive elections after repressive military rule over most of the region. There was optimism for the prospects of the re-democratization of Latin America. There have been difficulties, however, such as a weak institutionalization of the political parties and party systems as well as declining rates of voter participation due to perceived ineffectiveness of democratically elected governments, particularly directed toward traditional parties. I wanted to examine these difficulties and their effects on the political systems and the populations of the regions.