Recent Changes

Thursday, December 2

  1. page Neoliberal Policies and Inequality Issue edited == {latin-america-after-neoliberalism.jpg} {latin-america-after-neoliberalism.jpg} == Ne…
    == {latin-america-after-neoliberalism.jpg}

    Neoliberal Policies and Inequality Issues In Latin America
    (view changes)
    6:16 pm

Monday, November 15

  1. page Neoliberal Policies and Inequality Issue edited {latin-america-after-neoliberalism.jpg} == {latin-america-after-neoliberalism.jpg} == N…

    == {latin-america-after-neoliberalism.jpg}

    Neoliberal Policies and Inequality Issues In Latin America
    Neoliberal Reforms: Ideology and History (Sophia)
    The Failure of Neoliberalism
    The present article illustrate the crisis of neo-liberal policies that were implemented by conservatives government in Britain (1979) and United States (1981).Although the article describe the global effect of neo-liberalism, and emphasizes that neither market oriented policies nor statism or welfarism has raised the economic and social condition of millions of people,it is relevant to the Latin America countries because in some respect market ideology was rooted in the crisis of the import substitution industrialization model that Latin America countries applied since 1950s until the early 1980s.The article also show that the negative effect of neo-liberalism has been in developing countries and in industrial societies where the gap between the poorest and richest has increased.For instance, between 1979 and 2004 the wealthiest 1% in the United States, has increased their share of national income of 78% while the 80%of the people has seen an overall decrease in their income by 15%. In regard Phillip Blond asserts,the growth rates of Latin America countries "dropped by over 60% after they embraced IMF-sponsored neo-libealism." finally, what I find important from the article are two issue: first, neo-liberalism is an ideology of right wing which are motivated to pursue profit. second, the issue of economic development become an open question to the Latin American countries, because from the strategy of import substitution to the neo-liberal agenda, these countries seem to be in vicious circle of economic development failure.
    and Argentina (Natalie and Charm)(Natalie)
    Before Neoliberalism in Mexico and Argentina 1930s-1980s Prior to the introduction of neoliberlism to Latin America, Mexico and Argentina were export-oriented economies. The reliance on economic nationalism caused both countries to fail to establish an industrial democracy. The reversal of Argentina and Mexico’s development can be understood by the effects of the transformation that took place in the social structure as a consequence of policy changes followed during and after World War II till the 1980s with the intention of investing in domestic industrialization. This policy is called the Import Subsitution Industrialization (ISI) and Harper, Cuzan (2005) states it is based on the premise that a country should attempt to reduce its foreign dependency through local production of industrialized goods2. To add, Waisman theorizes that this policy was radical or absolute protectionism for imports and primarily catering to the upper class and industrial bourgeoisie3.
    In Argentina, large economic groups have traditionally had an important say in the development of the Argentine economy, but since the mid 1970s when a new regime was set in place they acquired increase and renewed significance leading to a dominance they had not had up to then4. Under the ISI strategies of the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s, their importance was circumscribed to some large banks, industries, and exports. Nevertheless, they operated in an environment characterized by predominate small and medium sized businesses. Interestingly enough, under the ISI some of the largest companies were public services or producers of strategic goods, such as petroleum, steel, and coal, and they did not have the hegemony they acquired later on under neoliberalism.
    (view changes)
    8:54 pm

Tuesday, April 20

  1. msg Critical Response message posted Critical Response Being a critical response, I thought this Wiki was done satisfactory. There were many good things a…
    Critical Response
    Being a critical response, I thought this Wiki was done satisfactory. There were many good things about the page, but I found that there was a lot more that could have been improved on. Let's start with the good. The presentation of the wiki was good. The headings and the bold font were easy to read and the questions asked at the beginning of the section let the reader know exactly where the writer was heading.The recommendations are clearly for governments of high crime areas within Latin America to seek assistance on an international basis, making the regions safer for locals as well as tourists. More international involvement such as this, would make crimes more easily punishable across borders, which is beneficial on both a national and international basis. The people traveling throughout Latin America would have a much safer experience, and the local citizens would also live under safer conditions. The United Nations document also discusses a "shared responsibility" for the safety and well being of Latin American areas. As it stands now, it is difficult for this to happen without full cooperation of local governments. The areas that were covered were done fairly well. I especially enjoyed the tourist section. It was very interesting and full of practical knowledge for any potential tourist looking to travel to Latin America. I also liked how in the beginning the writer talked about the segregation between the wealthy whites, and the poor colored.
    I would have liked to see this area explored more and brought to light how the history of Latin America is tied to this current economic situation. The historical racial inequality cause colored people to become structurally disadvantaged and their only available means to survive would be crime. I know that it is not only colored people that cause crime but the social and economic poverty that they face is related to Latin Americas racist past. The racial history is something that I find to be very important when discussing the crime in the areas.
    The areas that I noticed that needed more attention were the "prison demographics" section. It was good that they covered Brazil so thoroughly, but what about the other countries? I know you mentioned that most prisons do not have their information readily available to the public but there must have been some information. Also, the graphs in that section were all messed up. Some of them were only half showing and needed to be properly scaled. There were also some sourcing problems, both in text and in the Works Referenced. Very often there would be no date in the text and the Works Referenced there was often no other information given other than a website. No date, no author, no page number, no retrieved date, just the web address. Additionally, there were many spelling and editing errors. This is not a very big deal because I could still understand what the writer was trying to say. Regardless, spelling and editing mistakes greatly reduce the credibility of a wiki page. The reader could assume that the writer does not know much about crime in mega cities if they do not know how to capitalize sentences. For editing, one big thing I noticed was the difference in font in the tourism section. The ending was different than the beginning. Also, I read that El Salvador was the most dangerous city in the world. El Salvador is a country the last time I checked. Then I read on and the writer said that Bolivia is the most dangerous country in the world with the most dangerous city, Medellin. This got me very confused and I was not too sure which country or which city was more dangerous.
    1:31 pm
  2. page Emergence of Anti-USA Policy edited ... Defined as a “political program or movement that champions the common person, usually by favou…
    Defined as a “political program or movement that champions the common person, usually by favourable contrast with an elite”,9 the rule of populism is a very grey area for Ortega’s Nicaragua. Early in his government he announced a series of policies and programs that seemed to hark back to the Sandinistas populist past. Educational matriculation fees were abolished, an illiteracy program was launched with Cuban assistance, and the Zero Hunger program was established. Financed from the public budget and with Venezuelan aid, the program distributed one cow, one pig, 10 hens, and a rooster, along with seeds, to 15,000 families during the first year.10
    Conversely, the Dissident Sandinistas claim fervently that “Ortega has not attempted to revamp social and educational priorities” and can point to the fact that salaries for government workers remain frozen and those of teachers and health workers are the lowest in Central America. According to the Central Bank of Nicaragua, the average salary has dropped the last two years, retrogressing to 2001 levels. 11
    staunchly anti-Ortega. Using anti-imperialist rhetoric, Ortega denounced abortion as part of the western imperialist agenda. Pandering to
    {ZoeWilliams.gif} Zoe Williams of Global Sisterhood talks about Ortega's formerly loyal women
    Zoe Williams speaks more about the betrayal of Sandinista women by Ortega in this blog:
    (view changes)
    10:33 am

Monday, April 19

  1. msg Mary Marshall's Critical Response message posted Mary Marshall's Critical Response The War on Drugs topic for the final WIKI was my first choice so I have quite enjoyed being able to…
    Mary Marshall's Critical Response
    The War on Drugs topic for the final WIKI was my first choice so I have quite enjoyed being able to respond to it critically. Looking at the overall product of the page it is very well done. It is very informative and easy to read, the information flows well together and appears to be quite accurate as well as academic. After reading this page I feel well informed on a campaign I had no idea even existed before. Personally, I really enjoy when the colours of a WIKI collaborate in harmony, this is well executed on this page. Media sources were used effectively, however it would have been nice to see some captions under the videos and movie clips. The misspelling of Colombia was one of the only mistakes on this page, although it was consistent throughout! This topic, and my topic of corruption in Latin America connect in many ways. I learned the war on drugs is made difficult to win by different forms of corruption, such as the black market, which is addressed in this WIKI. Drugs and corruption exist simultaneously as two reasons it is hard to achieve democratic governing bodies and furthermore an ideal society. My article included both aspects of the war on drugs and corruption, which further establishes the struggles of both that coincide with one another.

    This WIKI was one of, if not, the best. Well done Reece, Rebca, Adam and Regan!!
    8:53 pm
  2. msg Critical Response message posted Critical Response The war on drugs page is a topic I am very interested in because it continues to be part of mains…
    Critical Response

    The war on drugs page is a topic I am very interested in because it continues to be part of mainstream society, I feel this page was very well done. I was not fully aware of the circumstances regarding the war on drugs or the seriousness of it but after viewing the group’s page I am able to make better connections. They provided historical background that helped me understand the concepts a lot better. The images and especially the videos really depict the amount of money invested into the drug trade it blended in well with the information they provided which gave made their points come out smoothly. The group worked well in combining the same font and color text that made it easy to read and understand their points and arguments it also gave it more of a professional look. The page displayed charts and cartoons that made it look more appealing to the reader. I was glad that they included United State’s invasion in Panama in order to stop Manuel Noriega's participation in drug trafficking because this intervention was something I view as positive and needed at the time. It is important to note that the war on drugs has destroyed Latin American countries such as Mexico, Colombia and Bolivia because it has raised poverty and crime and stir up resentment against the United States. I believe this topic relates to my page the role of Non-Governmental Organizations because NGO’s all around the world come to countries with drug problems, crime and poverty looking to improve the lives of citizens. They do this by providing access to clean water, housing for poor families, and health care for those who cannot afford it. NGO’s in my view are indirectly helping to solve the issues drug wars create, much progress has been made but there is still much more work to be done.
    I only have a few suggestions there was a few spelling and grammar mistakes on the groups page not much of an issue but it would have made the page more complete. Next I feel the group should have found a more academic source rather than because it discredits the information to an extent. Other than these few setbacks the page was outstanding it could definitely be used as a prime example of how to construct a proper and informative wiki page.

    Excellent work!

    Carlos Garcia
    8:35 pm

Sunday, April 18

  1. msg Critical Response: Stephen Deglow message posted Critical Response: Stephen Deglow Firstly, I would like to applaud the participants of this group on a job well done. This is a to…
    Critical Response: Stephen Deglow

    Firstly, I would like to applaud the participants of this group on a job well done. This is a topic that I have very little background knowledge on and I found the material put forth by the members of this group was very educational and insightful. I found the visual theme of the topic to be very nice and there was great flow throughout the entire project. The pictures and tables used helped understand the issue and gave a better idea of what is really going on. It is very recognizable that there must have been great communication between group members and a well sought out plan as the content and organization is more or less flawless. My only suggestion to the group members would be to assess the effectiveness of the YouTube video of the “Oklahoma Street Prostitute.” I found that material a little out of the context as these wikis were mainly dealing with Issues in Latin America. None the less, I found this to be a great page and I learned alot from the material you all have provided.

    Thank you!
    1:24 pm
  2. msg Critical Review message posted Critical Review I find the indigenous movements of Latin America to be very interesting. There are several links th…
    Critical Review
    I find the indigenous movements of Latin America to be very interesting. There are several links that can be drawn between this topic and my own, Women and Marginality. It also holds many commonalities with indigenous movements of other countries, including Canada and Australia.

    This wiki discusses indigenous movements to be more prominent among leftist political parties, which holds true to the support of the women’s movement as well. There is one quote that I have taken from this wiki: “Since the beginning the indigenous people of Latin America have had a constant struggle for not only their liberty but for fair treatment. These movements have fought over the ages for the basic rights of not only the indigenous populations but for all peoples of Latin America and they will continue in their struggle for future generations to come.” I believe that this is a strong statement which exemplifies the ongoing struggle, and further ties this topic to Women and Marginality.

    The most obvious comparison that can be drawn after viewing this topic’s wiki is that of First Nation people here in Canada. Both struggles are rooted in Colonial times – losing their land, their resources, their freedom, their culture, became victim to European disease. The struggle that First Nations people have here is also ongoing, and still has a long way to go.

    This topic most strong reminded me of the video that we watched in class in which the father in the Bolivian family was used by a political party to gain the support of indigenous farmers. It was interesting to see another side to the indigenous movement in Bolivia under Evo Morales and the steps taken to address key issues.

    In direct response to the content of this wiki, I feel as though a lot was overlooked and not addressed.
    8:14 am

Saturday, April 17

  1. msg Critical Response message posted Critical Response There are so many positives to this wiki, it’s hard to know where to begin. First, when you o…
    Critical Response
    There are so many positives to this wiki, it’s hard to know where to begin.
    First, when you open the page, you’re confronted with a well organized, clean and visually pleasing layout. With consistent headings and font, and compelling images, you’re made to read further. Once you begin reading the content, secondly, you’re drawn into a logical progression of thought: the topic is simply introduced, described, and the issues are explained after. A good quantity of numerical data is included, well chosen and supported with graphs. Links to supplementary reading is also provided, in addition to videos with supporting content.
    Along with having a good flow of topic choice, the overall technical flow throughout between piece to piece (and the entire page itself) has been beautifully executed. This consistency is, very obviously, the result of great group communication. I also have to commend the presentation of information, especially in examples such as “Causes of Deforestation”—having the content divided so well into the subjects and sub-topics as they were was very helpful in considering the issues being presented.
    The only negatives I can find would be that in the section “Basic Deforestation Information / Context of issue,” all the information is provided in a single paragraph, and there is a spelling error at the bottom of the page (in “Future Goals/Outlook” it says “conflicts amoung nations”). However, these are minor technical errors, and are vastly overcompensated by the overall impressiveness of this wiki.
    11:27 am